Back in July, SR Suntour invited us to Mountain Creek Bike Park to check out new-for-2016 front and rear suspension products. Although SR Suntour may be best know to some readers as a the suspension brand most often spec’d on trekking and budget mountain bikes, the company has been working incredibly hard in recent years to improve performance though technological advancement, while maintaining the price point and serviceability that are key tenants of the company’s philosophy.
In order to make all this happen, SR Suntour brought on French suspension engineer Stephane Guillaume. Guillaume put in extensive time with Marzocchi during its hayday, so he knows a thing or two about suspension.
The New Durolux
SR Suntour’s burly Durolux has undergone a complete overhaul for 2016. For starters, the new design targets 27.5-inch wheels, while the existing Durolux will continue to serve the 26-inch wheel market. Stanchions are up from 35 mm to 36 mm. Obviously, that change requires all-new magnesium lowers, which offer excellent fit and finish. Wisely, SR Suntour incorporated threaded fender mounts on the Durolux lowers and forks will ship with a fender. Lubrication holes allow owners to splash a few drops of oil on the foam wipers periodically to keep things moving freely. Travel is internally adjustable between 160, 170 and 180 mm settings.
The big story in forkland is the all-new closed-cartridge R2C2 damper that will sit above the existing RC2 damper in the lineup. Yep, you guessed it. Independent high- and low-speed rebound circuits, in addition to independent high- and low-speed compression damping. All circuits are damped via shim stack and externally adjustable.
Instead of using a bladder system like Fox and RockShox, SR Suntour utilizes a spring-loaded piston compensator at the top of its new closed-cartridge damper. By employing a very soft (1 N m) spring, the piston is able to accommodate oil displaced by the damper with a minimal increase in seal friction. Not only is this system simple, but it’s said to be easier to bleed than a bladder system as it doesn’t require the use of syringes. This design is similar in concept to the floating piston used in rear shocks, but does not require a high-pressure nitrogen charge, making it far easier to service.
At the launch, Guillaume talked a lot about the cause and implication of cavitation on suspension systems. Cavitation is the vaporization of a liquid at low pressures. This oil vaporization occurs on the low-pressure side of the piston during compression and rebound above shaft speeds of approximately 4 m/s.
Incredibly, mountain biking causes some of the fastest shaft speeds of any suspension system due to the speed of the rider, intensity of the terrain and, most importantly, the low un-sprung weight of our components. The heavier mass of automotive and motorcycle wheel and suspension systems make them far slower to reaction to bump force. Automotive applications top out around 2 m/s of shaft speed, while motocross bikes top out around 6 m/s. A World Cup downhiller, however, is capable of regularly punishing a fork with over 9 m/s of shaft speed throughout a run.
Over time, or over the course of a long run under a pro, this cavitation ends up causing air bubbles to form inside the damper as the oil heats up and degrades. Once air bubbles have formed, only bleeding will remove them. Given the inevitability of needing to bleed the system, Guillaume developed a quick and easy bleed system for the R2C2 damper in order to fulfill the company’s Quick Service Product (QSP) philosophy. Just fill the damper with oil, place the floating piston in the cartridge with the bleed screw removed, cycle the damper to remove air, push the damper rod to end of stroke and reinstall the bleed screw.
SR Suntour continues to utilize an air positive spring and coil negative spring arrangement, but the positive are volume is now adjustable via a series of spacers. Lighter and firmer negative springs are available directly through SR Suntour for lighter and heavier riders.
One carryover item is the slick Q-LOC2 thru axle in 20 mm diameter. According to Suntour, folks shopping in the 160-180 mm market served by the Durolux gravitate to the larger standard. The new Durolux tips the scale at 5.16 lbs.
On the Trail
The early-production samples we rode at Mountain Creek were impressive. The air volume spacers provide progressive ramp-up for aggressive riders like Mike Hopkins and a bit plusher and less progressive ride for those of us who aren’t pro.
The R2C2 damper provides a wide range of adjustment, of which I found myself on the lighter end of the spectrum. There’s plenty of damping available for hard-chargers. The high- and low-speed rebound adjustments allow the fork to recover quickly from the end of stroke, but offer a controlled return to the top of the travel. Only after riding this same fork with the RC2 damper installed did I appreciate how the new damper helps the fork ride up high in its travel.
Chassis stiffness felt great in the bike park, with nary a hint of flex under this rider.
Of course, progress comes with a price. Where the previous Durolux retails for $700, the new R2C2-equiped model will sell for $800 with a fender. In all, this increase seems awfully equitable considering the increased performance. Stay tuned for our long-term review in coming months.
SR Suntour recently announced two new rear shocks called the DUAir and UNAir. The company’s motivation is to deliver an affordable option that’s able to keep up with its forks. Not only will the DUAir and UNAir offer consumers reasonably-priced aftermarket options, but they’ll also offer SR Suntour the ability to provide bike manufacturers solid front and rear suspension packages.
With these new shocks, SR Suntour is launching an entirely new shim stack damper system including a patented new piston design.
This new piston offers a multi-stage compression circuit to handle both low- and high-speed compression damping. Take a look at the oil ports on the top of the piston. The long, kidney-shaped holes are the high-speed ports, while the small, round holes are the low-speed ports. Now, imagine the shim stack sitting on top of the piston. Under low-speed, low-pressure movement, the shim will flex only slightly. This opens the low-speed ports, allowing oil to pass. As shaft speeds and piston pressures increase, the shim stack will flex open more, exposing the larger oil ports as well. The harder the impact, the higher the shaft speed, the more oil the piston and shim stack is able to flow.
This damper will be offered in three different configurations; RC with external compression and rebound adjustment (DUAir only), LOR with adjustable rebound and a true lock out, and LOR8 with adjustable rebound and 80-percent lock out.
The new shocks’ main bushings have been redesigned to reduce friction and improve reliability as well.
While the UNAir and DUAir will share SR Suntour’s new damper, their intended markets are somewhat different. The UNAir offers a single air volume option and will be offered in sizes catering to the cross-country and light-duty trail end of the spectrum. Conversely, they DUAir will be offering in larger sizes and its four available “air pipes” allow manufacturers and end consumers to tune the progressiveness the air spring to meet the needs of specific frame designs and riding styles.
The UNAir with LOR or LOR8 damper will retail for $325.
The DUAir with RC, LOR or LOR8 damper and large air pipe (default) will retail for $350.
These new offerings from SR Suntour are highly tunable, which is perfect for OE applications. I’d expect to see a lot of these shocks on price-point bikes in 2016 and 2017.